Mongolia at a Glance

Country profile
 
Country name
 
Mongolia
 
Capital
Ulaanbaatar
 
National Day
11 July
 
Flag
The State Flag is a rectangle divided vertically into three equal parts colored red, blue and red. The Golden Soyombo sign is depicted on the red stripe nearest to the flag pole
 
Time
GMT+ 8 hours
 
Currency
Tugrug ()
 
Exchange rate
1170 (2008)
 
Location
Central Asia, located between the Russian Federation and the People’s Republic of China
 
Area
1,566,500 sq. km
 
Borderline
Total: 8162 km; with Russia:3485 km;
with China: 4677 km.
 
Climate
Continental; 4 distinctive seasons
 
Elevation
The average altitude is 1580 meters above sea level. About 80 percent of the territory is 1000 meters above sea level
 
Natural resources
Coal, copper, molybdenum, iron, phosphates, tin, nickel, zinc, wolfram, fluorspar, gold, uranium, and petroleum
 
The people
 
Population
 
2.63 million (2007)
 
Nationals
Mongols-85% 7% Turkic (largest group, Kazakh) 4.6% Tungusic, and 3.4% others
 
Males
48.8%
 
Females
51.2%
 
Population growth
1.486 % (2007)
 
Language
Native tongue: Mongolian
 
Religion
Buddhism
 
Life expectancy at birth
65.85 years
 
Under five mortality rate
43/1000 (under five years)
 
UN HDI rank
0.691 (116th out of 171 countries)
 
GDP per capita
USD 2900 (PPP)
 
Literacy rate
97.7%
 
Government
 
Political system
 
Multiparty parliamentary form of government
 
Constitution
New constitution adopted in 1992
 
Constitutional Court
Constitutional Court is empowered to supervise the implementation of the constitution, makes judgment on the violation of its provisions, and solves disputes
 
President
Head of State. Commander in Chief of Armed Forces and Head of the National Security Council.
Incumbent President H.E. Mr. Nambaryn Enkhbayar was elected in 2005
 
Parliament
One chamber, has 76 members, last election was held in 29 June 2008. Chairman of the State Great Hural, Mr. Damdin Demberel was elected in 2008
 
Prime Minister/Cabinet
His Excellency Sanjaagiin Bayar, reappointed in 2008
 
National Security Council
Secretary Mr. Sundev Palam
 
Judiciary
The Supreme Court is the highest judicial body. Judges are nominated by the GCC and confirmed by the Parliament and President
 
Administrative divisions
21 provinces
 
Public holidays
1 January, New Year
February, Lunar New Year
8 March, International Women’s Day
1 June, Children’s Day
11-13 July, National Day-Naadam Festival
26 November, Proclamation of Mongolian Republic
 
Economy
 
 
Fiscal year
 
Calendar year
 
GDP
USD 3.854 billion (2007)
 
Real GDP growth
9.9% (2007)
 
Share of sectors in the economy
Agriculture -19%
Services -    41%
Mining - 31%
Processing – 6%
Power – 3%
 
Industrial products
Minerals (primarily copper and gold), animal-derived products, building materials, food/beverage
 
Agricultural products
livestock and byproducts, hay fodder, vegetables
 
Exports
minerals, livestock, animal products, and textiles
 
Imports
machinery and equipment, fuels, food products, industrial consumer goods, chemicals, building equipment, vehicles, textiles
 
Heads of livestock
40.3 million (end of 2007)
 
Infrastructure
 
Road
 
11, 063 km; “Millennium Road” project will connect the country from west to the east and north to south going through major cities and tourism attractions.
 
Railway
1750 km; It connects Mongolia with Europe, Russia, China, and Eastern and South East Asian countries.
 
Civil aviation
National air carrier: MIAT. It provides regular services to such major destinations as Beijing, Seoul, Osaka, Moscow, Berlin, and Frankfurt.
 
Telecommunications
 
International country code
 
976-
 
Internet country code
.mn
 
Fixed line subscribers
60.3 per 1000 population
 
Mobile phone subscribers
296.8 per 1000 population
 
Internet subscribers
10.0 per 1000 population